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Traffic Signals

Signal Devices

The City of Richmond installs different traffic control devices to best match various levels of vehicle and pedestrian activity.  These devices are:

Traffic Signals
The function of a traffic signal is to efficiently assign the right-of-way between conflicting  traffic and pedestrian movements at an intersection.  There are currently 138 traffic signals throughout the city.  Richmond traffic signals utilize sophisticated vehicle detection methods to efficiently and safely respond to constantly changing traffic patterns.  Not all traffic signals in Richmond are operated by the City.  All signalized ramps from Highways 99 and 91, and two traffic signals on No. 3 Road (at Bridgeport Road and at Sea Island Way) are operated by the provincial Ministry of Transportation.  All YVR-owned traffic signals on Sea Island are managed by the City of Richmond. 

PDF Document Map of Traffic Signals

Pedestrian Signals
Pedestrian signals are used primarily at “T” intersections and mid-block locations as a fully signalized pedestrian crossing.  Pedestrian signals are recognized by the flashing green ball operation (unique to British Columbia).  There are 45 pedestrian signals throughout the city.

PDF Document Map of Pedestrian Signals

Side Street Countdown Timer
Some pedestrian signals in Richmond have been enhanced with a side street digital countdown timer.

Countdown Timer for Ped SignalWhen main street traffic is stopped at pedestrian signals, side street motorists often enter the intersection during the parallel walk/don’t walk sequence and “guess” when the signal will return to flashing green.  When the light returns to flashing green, there are often conflicts between side street and main street vehicles.  To reduce this conflict, Richmond uses a digital countdown timer to inform side street motorists of the number of seconds remaining in the walk and flashing don’t walk sequence.  This safety initiative has been well received by Richmond motorists.  

Special Crosswalks
Special crosswalks consist of overhead illuminated signs with downward lighting and pedestrian pushbutton activated flashers.  They are installed to increase motorists' awareness of the presence of a pedestrian by improving their visibility to approaching traffic.  There are currently 75 special crosswalks throughout the city, more than any jurisdiction in British Columbia. 


Learn More About Special Crosswalks
PDF Document Map of Special Crosswalks

Overhead Crosswalk Signs
Overhead Crosswalk signs are installed on four or five lane roadways to enhance the presence of the crosswalk.  It is the City’s long term plan to upgrade these to special crosswalks as funding permits.  

PDF Document Map of Overhead Crosswalk Signs

Fire Signals
911 Flasher on SignalFire Signals are installed for Fire-Rescue vehicles to gain quick right-of-way access to the roadway when responding to an emergency.  These signals are located at mid-block Fire Hall driveways.  When a fire signal is flashing red, vehicles are required to stop behind the stop line until the Fire-Rescue vehicle is clearly on the roadway and past the intersection.

Fire Halls located adjacent to traffic signals utilize an intersection all-red emergency pre-emption.  A flashing 911 signal provides information to motorists that the signal is being pre-empted for Fire-Rescue response.

PDF Document Map of Fire Signals

Red Flashers
Flashing red beacons are used at some 3- or 4-way stop intersections to enhance visibility of the stop sign control.

PDF Document Map of Red Flashers

Warning Flashers
Advanced Warning Stop SignThere are different types of yellow warning flashers for applications such as:

  • Advanced warning flasher (traffic signal ahead is about to turn yellow)
  • Hazard flasher
  • Bus merge flasher 
  • Reduce speed flasher


    PDF Document Map of Advance Warning Flashers

Overhead Lane Use & Directional Signs
All overhead lane use and directional signs are installed and maintained by the Traffic Signals Group. 

 PDF Document Map of Overhead Lane Use and Directional Signs

Accessible Pedestrian Signal Devices
Accessible pedestrian signals (APS) are installed at selected traffic signals frequented by the visually impaired and provide audible sounds and tactile features to indicate an active walk light.  To activate the audible signal the pushbutton must be pressed.  The audible signals use an internationally recognized standard of bird sounds:

  • a cuckoo sound when the north-south walk light is active; and
  • a peep-peep sound when the east-west walk light is active

At some intersections the city uses a combination vibrating directional arrow, pushbutton and speaker unit to further assist visually impaired pedestrians by providing the following features:  

  • a pole locator sound that identifies the location of the pushbutton;
  • a special tone that is emitted when the button has been pushed; and
  • a tactile arrow that identifies the direction of the crossing and vibrates when the walk light is on.

PDF Document Map of Audible and Accessible Pedestrian Signals

Test Phase of New Enhanced APS Features
Enhanced Accessible Pedestrian Signal DeviceThe City is currently testing enhanced APS features at six locations in the City Centre (four signalized intersections and two special crosswalks) that include spoken messages that sound when a pedestrian pushes the button.

The first message provides wayfinding information by identifying the street names at that location. This message is provided at both the signalized intersections and special crosswalks.  An example message is “Three Road at Saba.”

A second “caution’” message will play only at special crosswalks after the wayfinding message.  Two alternative messages are being tested:

  • Short Version: “Amber Lights Flashing. Use Caution.”
  • Long Version: “Amber Lights Flashing. Use Caution. Vehicles May Not Stop Immediately.”

The number of times the caution message is repeated (once versus twice) is also being tested.

The new APS devices are located at the following sites:

  • Signalized Intersections: No. 3 Road at Westminster Hwy, Saba Road, Richmond-Brighouse Station, and Cook Road.
  • Special Crosswalks: No. 3 Road at Anderson Road and 6900-block Minoru Blvd (at Brighouse Library).

PDF Document Map of Test APS Devices

The next time you use these crossings, please note the features and tell us what you think.  Do you prefer the short or long caution message?  How many times should the message repeat?

Contact the City’s Traffic Signals section at 604-276-4616 or to provide your feedback.